About Ust-Tcilma

Ust-Tcilma is one of the most ancient villages of European North.

It stands on the river Pechora hilly bank during six centuries. Times and point of view on social realm changed, but freedom-loving character and moral values of Ust-Tcilma villagers are remained constant.

The germ and formation of Ust-Tcilma is associated with Novgorodian Lastka Ivashka Dmitriev who was conferred tsarist certificate on occupation the land near the river Pechora in 1542.

Lastka headed some Novgorodian families, very soon Mezenians and Pinezhanians joined them because river Tcilma basin lent itself as a place of cropping long since. The main occupation of inhabitants of a settlement was fishery and hunting.

Increase in population of Pechora land was at the turn of XVII-XVIIth centuries, it was bounded up with Church dissent when zealous toward old faith began to seek seclusion from savage church and government persecution in severe North. A considerable amount of them settled in Ust-Tcilma, people fled Moscow, Novgorod, Primorye. Ust-Tcilma became the centre of Pechora Old Belief on the north east of European Russia.

After Old Ritualists arrival in Pechora to continue their religious culture their isolation from Komi-Izhemians and Nenets began. As a result of a complex ethnic process a unique ethnicity formed. It is “Ust-Tcilema” which has a special unique accent, specific cultural, housekeeping traits and a complex of other particularities and they differ from other nations.

A Pechora Agricultural Experiment Station was inaugurated on the 1st of January, 1911 in Ust-Tcilma village, which was the first research establishment on the north of European Russia.

Ust-Tcilma region with current borders with regional capital in Ust-Tcilma village was formed and included on Komi Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic on the 15th of July, 1929. It was one of the largest and the least occupied region of Komi Republic.

Ust-Tcilma became the center of Pechora river fleet on the 1st of January, 1932. There was Pechora steamship company government.

Building of a large enterprise was started in 1930, it was Ust-Tcilma Suede Factoy. The first goods were turned out in 1932.

Fundamental socio-economic transformations were realized in the region in the 1930s, which laid the ground for further region development.

Ust-Tcilma Regional Museum of Local Lore, History and Economy was founded in the 1970s and it wa awarded the status “National”. The same status Ust-Tcilma theatre ensemble has, its theatrical performance started in the end of the 19th century. Television station “Zona-2” was set to work in 1982.

Ust-Tcilma region which is situated in Near Arctic provided for supply of products for the state in the 1980s within a range: milk is 11%, meat is 9% of republic's procurements.

Nowdays Ust-Tcilma region is a land where XXI century progress has interlinked with hoary antiquity.

A takeoff strip works in Ust-Tcilma and provides air-express operations for the population of the region. A vehicular long hauls traffic was set to work in 2002 after putting into operation a bridge cross the river Zaostrovka.

A religious and cultural life in Ust-Tcilma is in progress. A church-house works, tradition to pray at home is retained. An Old Believer church was built for Ust-Tcilma succeeding generation as a surety of Old Believing in Pechora. A lively part of village culture is a spring-summer sacral festival “Ust-Tcilma Gorka” which was awarded the status of republican festival.

Nowdays Ust-Tcilma region can be righty called an Old Russian culture island where traditional ceremonies, housekeeping, rich song traditions are continued and exist.




Cultural center





The Zhuravskii Museum